Daniele Ganser, Friedensforschung

Nato’s Secret Army in Neutral Sweden back

Nato’s Secret Army in Neutral Sweden
Author(s) of chapter
Daniele Ganser; Mats Deland
01. 11. 2010
Erschienen bei
Journal for Intelligence, Propaganda and Security Studies, Vol.4, No.2/2010, publiziert im November 2010
open article
During the Cold War secret armies linked to NATO have existed across Western Europe. This remained a closely guarded secret until 1990, when the first branch of the international network was discovered in Italy. It was code-named “Gladio”, the Latin word for a short double-edged sword. It was Italian judge Felice Casson who discovered Gladio during summer 1990 in Rome while researching acts of right-wing terrorism in the archives of the Italian military secret service. Casson, to his great surprise, found out that Gladio had linked up with right wing extremists who had carried out terrorist operations which they had blamed on the Italian Communists and the political left in general. This “strategy of tension”, Casson explained to the BBC, aimed “to create tension within the country to promote conservative, reactionary social and political tendencies. While this strategy was being implemented, it was necessary to protect those behind it because evidence implicating them was being discovered. Witnesses withheld information to cover right-wing extremists.” Amidst sharp public criticism Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti was forced to confirm the existence of gladio. Adreotti explained that the network would be dissolved and insisted that similar secret armies existed in all other NATO countries. This allegation proved correct and subsequent research confirmed the existence of secret armies across Western Europe.