Daniele Ganser, Friedensforschung

Secret Warfare in Neutral Austria during the Cold War back

Title
Secret Warfare in Neutral Austria during the Cold War
Author(s) of chapter
Daniele Ganser
Date
01. 12. 2009
Erschienen bei
Internationale Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie und Gruppendynamik in Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, publiziert im Dezember 2009
Pages
3-19
Language
english
Country
Österreich
PDF
open article
In 1990, the existence of a secret anti-Communist stay-behind army in Italy, codenamed "Gladio" and linked to NATO, was revealed. Subsequently, similar stay-behind armies were discovered in all NATO countries in Western Europe as well as in neutral countries, including Sweden, Finland and Switzerland. Based on parliamentary and governmental reports, oral history, and investigative journalism, the essay argues that neutral Austria also operated a stay-behind army during the Cold War which was linked to NATO and the CIA.