Daniele Ganser, Friedensforschung

The British Secret Service in Neutral Switzerland back

Title
The British Secret Service in Neutral Switzerland
Subtitle
Volume 20, Number 4 - An Unfinished Debate on NATO's Cold War Stay behind Armies
Author(s) of chapter
Daniele Ganser
Date
01. 12. 2005
Erschienen bei
Intelligence and National Security
Pages
553-580
ISSN
0268 4527
Language
english
PDF
open article

In 1990, the existence of a secret anti-Communist stay-behind army in Italy, codenamed ‘Gladio’ and linked to NATO, was revealed. Subsequently, similar stay-behind armies were discovered in all NATO countries in Western Europe. Based on parliamentary and governmental reports, oral history, and investigative journalism, the essay argues that neutral Switzerland also operated a stay-behind army under the code name “P26”. It explores the role of the British secret service and the reactions of the British and the Swiss governments to the discovery of the network and investigates whether the Swiss stay-behind army, despite Swiss neutrality, was integrated into the International NATO stay-behind network.