Daniele Ganser, Friedensforschung

Government of the Shadows: Parapolitics and Criminal Sovereignity back

Government of the Shadows: Parapolitics and Criminal Sovereignity
Eric Wilson
Title of chapter
Beyond Democratic Checks and Balances: The Propaganda Due' Masonic Lodge and the CIA in Italy's First Republic
Author(s) of chapter
Daniele Ganser
Publication date
Januar 2009
Pluto Press, London
S. 336
978 - 0745326238
United Kingdom
open article
"Government of the Shadows" analyzes the concept of clandestine government. It explores how covert political activity and transnational organized crime are linked -and how they ultimately work to the advantage of state and corporate power.

The chapter written by Daniele Ganser analyses the “Propaganda Due” (P2), an Italian network of politicians, military officers and industrialists discovered in 1981, which operated as a parallel state beyond democratic control.

The book shows that legitimate government is now routinely accompanied by extra-governmental covert operations. Using a variety of case studies, from the mafia in Italy to programs for food and reconstruction in Iraq, the contributors illustrate that para-political structures are not "deviant," but central to the operation of global governments.

The creation of this truly parallel world-economy, the source of huge political and economic potential, entices states to undertake new forms of regulation, either through their own intelligence agencies, or through the more shadowy world of criminal cartels

Chapters and Authors:


1. Deconstructing the Shadows by Eric Wilson

2. Democratic State vs. Deep State: Approaching the Dual State of the West by Ola Tunander

3. Governing Through Globalised Crime by Mark Findlay

4. Prospering from Crime: Money Laundering and Financial Crises by Guilhem Fabre

5. The Shadow Economy: Markets, Crime and the State by Howard Dick

6. Transnational Crime and Global Illicit Economies by Vincenzo Ruggiero

7. Redefining Statehood in the Global Periphery by William Rene


8. The Sicilian Mafia: Parastate and Adventure Capitalism by Henner Hess

9. Drugs, Anti-communism and Extra-legal Repression in Mexico by Peter Dale Scott

10. Parapolitics and Afghanistan by Rensselaer W. Lee III

11. From Drug Lords to Warlords: Illegal Drugs and the 'Unintended' Consequences of Drug Policies in Colombia by Francisco E. Thoumi

12. Covert Netherworld: Clandestine Services and Criminal Syndicates in Shaping the Philippine State by Alfred W. McCoy

13. Beyond Democratic Checks and Balances: The 'Propaganda Due' Masonic Lodge and the CIA in Italy's First Republic by Daniele Ganser