The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), led by the United States of America, is the largest military alliance on earth. After the Second World War, NATO developed and stationed secret armies an all Western European countries. These armies enjoyed training by the Anglo-Saxon secret services CIA and MI6 and in some of these countries they were apparently involved in severe crimes including murder, torture, coup d’états and terror.
This book reveals for the first time the full international story of NATO’s secret armies, known amongst experts as “stay-behind” armies. Their history is only slowly being unraveled in historical research and is still unknown in many circles. The subject matter concerns anti-communist undercover units, trained by the CIA and MI6 to defend Western European countries in case of a Soviet invasion. They were meant to roll back such an invasion by fighting as guerrillas from behind the enemy’s lines.
After the Italian secret army – code name: “Gladio” – was uncovered by the Italian Prime Minister in 1990, there followed a cascade of similar discoveries. Parallel armed networks were found in France, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, Norway, Luxemburg, Denmark, Austria, Finland, Sweden and Switzerland. The data, which is currently available to various members of Parliaments, judges and researchers, documents that some armies indeed simply waited for a Soviet invasion, while armies in other countries fought enemies within the political system and committed severe crimes.